The ninth day of Av, the day on which both Batei Mikdash were destroyed, not only commemorates the destruction of both Temples, but is also a national day of mourning for all of the tragedies and calamities that have befallen the Jewish people. This sorrowful fast day, which culminates the Three Weeks period of mourning, is replete with special halachos, especially this year when it falls on Sunday. In this discussion, we will focus on the specific halachos that apply to Tishah b’Av that falls on Sunday:
ON SUNDAY NIGHT:
1 Rama O.C. 552:12. In the morning, however, Av ha-Rachamim is recited; Mishnah Berurah 30.
2 Chazon Ish (quoted in Orchos Rabbeinu 2:136)
3 Mishnah Berurah 553:10. One may fulfill his obligation of Shenayim Mikra v’Echad Targum.
4 Rama 553:2.
5 O.C. 552:10.
6 Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchasah 28:77; Piskei Teshuvos 553, note 13, quoting Harav S. Davlitzky.
7 Mishnah Berurah 552:23.
9 Igros Moshe O.C. 4:112-1.
10 Mishnah Berurah 552:24 and Sha’ar ha-Tziyun 22. See Chayei Adam 136:1 and Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 125:1 concerning washing.
11 Sha’ar ha-Tziyun 553:7.
12 Salmas Chayim 4:4-129 quoted in Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchasah 62, note 88; Harav Y.S. Elyashiv (quoted in Hilchos Uminhagei Bein ha-Meitzarim, pg. 185).
13 Chazon Ish (quoted in Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchasah 28 note 178); Moadim u’Zemanim 7:256; Shevet ha-Levi 7:77. At the very least, this should be done before the reading of Eichah.
14 Mishnah Berurah 553:7.
15 Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchasah 28:77.
16 Based on Rama 553:2 as explained in Salmas Chayim 1:86.
17 Harav S.Z. Auerbach (quoted in Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchasah 28, note 179); Yechaveh Da’as 5:38; Moadim u’Zemanim 7:256.
18 Harav M. Feinstein (oral ruling, quoted in Halachos of the Three Weeks, pg. 16).
19 Mishnah Berurah 556:2. [Some poskim recommend that all women daven Maariv on this Motzai Shabbos, so that they can fulfill their obligation of Havdalah by reciting Atah Chonantanu.]
20 Some light a single candle while others hold two candles together.
21 Mishnah Berurah 556:1.
22 Beiur Halachah 213:1, since on this night there is no blessing recited over wine which establishes the required kevius needed for such blessings.
23 See Beiur Halachah 296:8, Igros Moshe C.M. 2:47-2, and Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchasah 61, note 69 and 62, note 98 for a discussion on the general issue of whether women are obligated to perform this mitzvah.
24 Nitei Gavriel, pg. 115.
25 Luach Devar Yom b’Yomo quoting the Belzer Rav.
26 Several poskim quoted in Piskei Teshuvos 554:21.
27 Sha’arei Teshuvah 556:1. If all that the sick person needs is a drink of water, Havdalah is not recited (Shevet ha-Levi 8:129).
28 Kaf ha-Chayim 556:9; Harav M. Feinstein (oral ruling quoted in Halachos of the Three Weeks, pg. 19); Minchas Yitzchak 8:30; Shevet ha-Levi 7:77.
29 Tzitz Eliezer 14:42. Some poskim allow pure orange or apple juice as well.
30 A cheekful, approx. 1.6 fl. oz. Since, however, Al ha-gefen cannot be recited over this amount, this should be followed by eating cake, etc. and the words al ha-gefen v’al pri ha-gefen can be added to the Al ha-Michyah.
31 Chazon Ish (quoted by Harav C. Kanievsky, Mevakshei Torah, Sivan 5753); Harav Y.Z. Soloveitchik (quoted in Peninei Rabbeinu ha-Griz, pg. 521 and in a written responsum by Harav S.Y. Elyashiv published in Mevakshei Torah, ibid.); Harav Y.Y. Kanievsky (Orchos Rabbeinu 2:145); Az Nidberu 11:48.
32 The issue: 1) Women, generally, do not recite their own Havdalah, since some Rishonim exempt them from Havdalah altogether; 2) Even men are not required by all poskim to recite Havdalah before eating on Motza’ei Tishah b’Av which falls on a Sunday.
33 The husband, then, does not repeat the Havdalah for himself once the fast is over (Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchasah 62:48).
34 Shevet ha-Levi 8:129; Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchasah 62:48; Az Nidberu 11:48; Moadim u’Zemanim 7:255.
35 Kinyan Torah 5:51; Shraga ha-Meir 1:59; Nitei Gavriel, pg. 164.
36 Harav Y.Y. Kanievsky (Orchos Rabbeinu 2:145); Harav S.Y. Elyashiv (quoted in Rivevos Efrayim 3:371); Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchasah 62:45; Moadim u’Zemanim 7:255; Chanoch l’Na’ar 28:10.
37 Maharil Diskin 2:5-72; Divrei Yatziv 2:243; Shevet ha-Levi 7:77. There are conflicting reports as to what the opinion of Harav M. Feinstein was; see Children in Halachah, pg. 190.
38 Entire paragraph based on ruling of Harav S.Z. Auerbach (Shemiras Shabbos K’hilchasah 62, note 108 and 115).
39 Minchas Yitzchak 8:51.
40 Tishah b’Av she’Chal b’Yom Alef 70.
41 See Piskei Teshuvos, pg. 120 for the various views.
42 Mishnah Berurah 556:3.
43 Mishnah Berurah 556:4.
Rabbi Neustadt is Rav of Young Israel in Cleveland Heights. He may be reached at 216-321-4635 or at [email protected]