Note: The Shabbos Torah Reading is divided into 7 sections. Each section
is called an Aliya [literally: Go up] since for each Aliya, one person
"goes up" to make a bracha [blessing] on the Torah Reading.
1st & 2nd Aliyot:
Moshe and Aharon forewarned Pharaoh about the Locust. His
advisors begged Pharaoh to consider Moshe's request, and Pharaoh attempted to
negotiate with Moshe and Aharon that the children should stay behind. When his
offer was refused, all negotiations broke down and Pharaoh chased Moshe and
Aharon away. The Locust swallowed up Mitzrayim (Egypt), but Pharaoh still refused to
send away the Jews.
Darkness enveloped Egypt for three days. Pharaoh told Moshe that he
could take out his people, but he had to leave the cattle behind. Moshe
refused and Pharaoh forewarned Moshe that he could not come to him again. In
truth, the next time they saw each other would be after the Death of the First
Born, when Pharaoh went to Moshe.
Moshe forewarned the Egyptians about the Death of the First Born.
In 12:2 Hashem (G-d) commanded Moshe and Aharon with the very first Mitzvah to be
given to the Nation. The very first Korban Pesach was described along with the
Mitzvos of Matzoh, Chametz, and Pesach.
The Bnai Yisroel were commanded to mark the inside of their doors
with the blood of the Korban Pesach.
The plague of the Death of the First Born left Mitzrayim in
mourning. Pharaoh and the Egyptians hurried the Jews out of Mitzrayim.
Approximately 600,000 men besides women, children, and the elderly (3,000,000
total) as well as about 1,000,000 non-Jews (the Eruv Rav) left Mitzrayim
during the Exodus. It was the year 2448, and the Pasuk says that the Jews had
been in Mitzrayim for 430 years. (exactly 430 years from the Bris Bain
Habisarim - The Covenant Between the Halves) The laws of the Korban Pesach
The Parsha concludes with a review of the laws of Pesach as well as
introducing the Mitzvos of Pehter Chamor - the commandment to exchange all
first born, male donkeys for a sheep; Pidyon Haben - redeeming the first born
male child; and the Mitzvah of Tefillin.